Bibliography for the Identification of North American Freshwater Snails

Author Index

Prepared by Rob Dillon for the FWGNA Project

 Angelo, R., Cringan, M. & Fry, J. (2002) Distributional revisions and new and amended occurrence records for prosobranch snails in Kansas.  Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 105: 246 - 257.

 Baker, F. (1902) The Mollusca of the Chicago area.  Part 2, The Gastropoda. Chicago Acad. Sci. Natl. Hist. Survey, 3, 131-410.

 Baker, F. (1906) A catalogue of the Mollusca of Illinois. Bull. Ill. State Lab. Nat. Hist., 7, 53-136.

 Baker, F. (1911) The Lymnaeidae of North and Middle America, Recent and Fossil. Special Publication, no. 3. Chicago: Chicago Academy of Natural Sciences.

 Baker, F. (1919) Fresh Water Mollusca from Colorado and Alberta. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 41, 527-39.

 Baker, F. (1928) Freshwater Mollusca of Wisconsin, Part I, Gastropoda. Bull. Wisc. Geol. Natur. Hist. Survey, no. 70. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

 Baker, F. (1935) Land and freshwater Mollusca from North Star Lake and vicinity, Itasca County, Minnesota. Am. Midl. Natur., 16, 257-74.

 Baker, F. (1945) The Molluscan Family Planorbidae. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

 Baker, H. (1946) Index to F.C. Baker's "The Molluscan Family Planorbidae." Nautilus, 59, 127-41.

 Basch, P. (1963) A review of the recent freshwater limpet snails of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 129, 399-461.

 Baxter, R. (1987) Mollusks of Alaska.  Shells and Sea Life, Bayside, Calif.  163 pp.

 Beetle, D. (1961) A checklist of Wyoming Recent Mollusca. Sterkiana, 3, 1-9.

 Beetle, D. (1973) A checklist of the land and freshwater mollusks of Virginia. Sterkiana, 49, 21-35.

 Beetle, D. (1989) Checklist of recent Mollusca of Wyoming, USA. Great Basin Natur., 49, 637-45.

 Bequaert, J. & Miller, W. (1973) The Mollusks of the Arid Southwest, with an Arizona Check List. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

 Berry, E. (1943) The Amnicolidae of Michigan: Distribution, ecology, and taxonomy. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. U. Mich., 57, 1-68.

 Bickel, D. (1967) Preliminary checklist of Recent and Pleistocene Mollusca of Kentucky. Sterkiana, 28, 7-20.

 Bickel, D. (1968) Checklist of the Mollusca of Tennessee. Sterkiana, 31, 15-39.

 Blair, L. & Sickel, J. B. (1986)  A survey of freshwater gastropods in selected habitats of Land Between The Lakes, Kentucky and Tennessee.  Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci.  47: 6-12.

 Branson, B. (1961) Recent Gastropoda of Oklahoma.  Part II. Distribution, ecology and taxonomy of freshwater species, with description of Helisoma travertina sp. nov. Okla. State Univ. Pub., Biol. Stud. Series 6, 58, 1-72.

 Branson, B. (1987) Keys to the aquatic Gastropoda known from Kentucky. Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci., 48, 11-9.

 Branson, B. & Batch, D. (1971) Annotated distribution records for Kentucky Mollusca. Sterkiana, 43, 1-9.

 Branson, B. & Batch, D. (1987) Distribution of aquatic snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in Kentucky with notes on fingernail clams. Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci., 48, 62-70.

 Brooks, S. (1936) The land and freshwater Mollusca of Newfoundland. Ann. Carnegie Mus., 25, 83-108.

 Brooks, S. & Brooks, B. (1940) Geographical distribution of the Recent Mollusca of Newfoundland. Ann. Carnegie Mus., 28, 53-75.

 Brown, K. (1991) Gastropoda. In Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates, ed. J. Thorp & A. Covich, pp. 285-314. New York: Academic Press.

 Burch, J. (1979) Genera and subgenera of Recent freshwater gastropods of North America (North of Mexico). Malacological Review, 12, 97-100.

 Burch, J. (1982) North American freshwater snails: Identification keys, generic synonymy, supplemental notes, glossary, references, index. Walkerana, 4, 1-365.

 Burch, J. (1988) North American freshwater snails: Introduction, systematics, nomenclature, identification, morphology, habitats, distribution. Walkerana, 2(6), 1-80.

 Burch, J. (1989) North American Freshwater Snails. Hamburg, MI: Malacological Publications.

 Burch, J. & Tottenham, J. (1980) North American freshwater snails: Species list, ranges, and illustrations. Walkerana, 3, 1-215.

 Burch, J. & Y. Jung (1992)  Freshwater snails of the University of Michigan Biological Station area.  Walkerana, 6, 1-218.

 Chamberlain, R. & Jones, D. (1929) A descriptive catalogue of the Mollusca of Utah. Bull. Univ. Utah, 19, 1-203.

 Chamberlain, R. & Roscoe, E. (1948) Check list of the Recent Utah Mollusca. Bull. Univ. Utah, 39, 1-16.

 Chambers, S. (1990) The genus Elimia (= Goniobasis) in Florida (Prosobranchia: Pleuroceridae). Walkerana, 4, 237-70.

 Chambers, S. M. (1980) Genetic divergence between populations of Goniobasis occupying different drainage systems. Malacologia, 20, 113-20.

 Cheatum, E. P. & Fullington, R. W. (1971) The aquatic and land Mollusca of Texas.  Bulletin 1, Supp: Keys to the families of the recent land and freshwater snails of Texas.  Dallas Mus. of Natur. His. 1, 1-18.

 Clarke, A. (1973) The freshwater molluscs of the Canadian Interior Basin. Malacologia, 13, 1-509.

 Clarke, A. (1981) The Freshwater Mollusks of Canada. Ottawa: The National Museums of Canada.

 Clench, W. (1959) Mollusca. In Fresh Water Biology, 2nd Edition, ed. W. Edmondson, pp. 1117-60. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

 Clench, W. (1962) A catalogue of the Viviparidae of North America with notes on the distribution of Viviparus georgianus, Lea. Occas. Pprs. on Mollusks, Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 2, 261-87.

 Clench, W. & Fuller, S. (1965) The genus Viviparus in North America. Occas. Pprs. on Mollusks, Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 2, 385-412.

 Clench, W. & Russell, H. (1940) Freshwater shells of New Hampshire. Nautilus, 54, 52-3.

 Clench, W. & Turner, R. (1955) The North American genus Lioplax in the family Viviparidae. Occas. Pprs. on Mollusks, Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 2, 1-20.

Clench, W. & Turner, R. (1956) Freshwater mollusks of Alabama, Georgia, and Florida from the Escambia to the Suwanee River. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, 1, 94-239.

Cowie, R.H., and S.C. Thiengo. 2003.  The apple snails of the Americas (Mollusca : Gastropoda : Ampullariidae : Asolene, Felipponea, Marisa, Pomacea, Pomella): A nomenclatural and type catalog.  Malacologia 45(1):41-100.

Cvancara, A. (1975) Aquatic malacogeography of North Dakota. Proc. North Dakota Acad. Sci., 27, 68-82.

 Cvancara, A. (1983) Aquatic Mollusks of North Dakota. Report of Investigation, no. 78. North Dakota Geol. Survey.

 Dall, W. (1905) Land and Fresh Water Mollusks of Alaska and Adjoining Regions. Harriman Alaska Expeditions 1899, no. 13. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Inst.

 Dawley, C. (1947) Distribution of aquatic mollusks in Minnesota. Amer. Midl. Natur., 38, 671-97.

 Dawley, C. (1965) Checklist of freshwater mollusks of North Carolina. Sterkiana, 19, 35-9.

Dillon, R. (2011)  Robust shell phenotype is a local response to stream size in the genus Pleurocera (Rafinesque 1818).  Malacologia 53: 265-277.

 Dillon, R. & Keferl, E. (2000) A survey of the pleurocerid gastropods of South Carolina.  In Freshwater Mollusk Symposia Proceedings, Part II, eds. Tankersley, Warmolts, Watters, Armitage, Johnson & Butler, pp. 153 - 160.  Columbus: Ohio Biological Survey.

 Dillon, R.  & Lydeard, C. (1998) Divergence among Mobile Basin populations of the pleurocerid snail genus, Leptoxis, estimated by allozyme electrophoresis. Malacologia, 39, 113-21.

 Dillon, R. & Davis, G. M. (1980) The Goniobasis of southern Virginia and northwestern North Carolina: Genetic and shell morphometric relationships. Malacologia, 20, 83-98.

 Dillon, R. & Reed, A. (2002) A survey of genetic variation at allozyme loci among Goniobasis populations inhabiting Atlantic drainages of the Carolinas.  Malacologia 44: 23 - 31.

Dillon, R. T. & J. D. Robinson (2011)  The opposite of speciation: Genetic relationships among the populations of Pleurocera (Gastropoda: Pleuroceridae) in central Georgia.  Am. Malac. Bull. 29: 159-168.

  Dillon, R. T., J. D. Robinson, and A. R. Wethington (2007)  Empirical estimates of reproductive isolation between the freshwater pulmonates Physa acuta, P. pomilia, and P. hendersoni.  Malacologia 49: 283-292.

  Dillon, R. T., and A. R. Wethington  (2006)  The Michigan Physidae revisited: A population genetic study.  Malacologia 48: 133 – 142.

 Emerson, W. & Jacobson, M. (1976) Guide to Shells, Land, Freshwater, and Marine, from Nova Scotia to Florida. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Evans, R. & Ray, S. (2008)  Checklist of the freshwater snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Pennsylvania, USA.  Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Sciences 82: 92-97.

Evans, R. & Ray, S. (2010)  Distribution and environmental influences on freshwater gastropods from lotic systems and spring environments in Pennsylvania, USA, with conservation recommendations.  American Malacological Bulletin 28: 135 - 150.

Frest, T., & Johannes, E. (2001) An annotated checklist of Idaho land and freshwater mollusks.  J. Idaho Acad. Sci., 36, 1-51.

 Fullington, R. (1982) The recent and fossil freshwater gastropod fauna of Texas. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Recent Benthological Investigations in Texas and Adjacent States, ed. J. Davis, pp. 61-7. Dallas: Dallas Mus. Nat. Hist.

 Goodrich, C. (1922) The Anculosae of the Alabama River drainage. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 7, 1-57.

 Goodrich, C. (1924) The genus Gyrotoma. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 12, 1-29.

 Goodrich, C. (1930) Goniobases of the vicinity of Muscle Shoals. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 209, 1-25.

 Goodrich, C. (1931) The pleurocerid genus Eurycaelon. Occas. Pprs. Mus.  Zool. Univ. Mich., 223, 1-9.

 Goodrich, C. (1932) The Mollusca of Michigan. Handbook Series, no. 5. Ann Arbor: Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool.

 Goodrich, C. (1936) Goniobasis of the Coosa River, Alabama. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 31, 1-60.

 Goodrich, C. (1939a) Pleuroceridae of the St. Lawrence River Basin. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 404, 1-4.

 Goodrich, C. (1939b) Pleuroceridae of the Mississippi River basin exclusive of the Ohio River system. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 406, 1-4.

 Goodrich, C. (1940) The Pleuroceridae of the Ohio River system. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 417, 1-21.

 Goodrich, C. (1941a) Pleuroceridae of the small streams of the Alabama River system. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 427, 1-10.

 Goodrich, C. (1941b) Distribution of the gastropods of the Cahaba River, Alabama. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 428, 1-30.

 Goodrich, C. (1942a) The Pleuroceridae of the Atlantic coastal plain. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 456, 1-6.

 Goodrich, C. (1942b) Pleuroceridae of the Pacific Coastal Drainage, including the western interior basin. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 469, 1-4.

 Goodrich, C. (1944a) Pleuroceridae of the Great Basin. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 485, 1-11.

 Goodrich, C. (1944b) Certain operculates of the Coosa River. Nautilus, 58, 1-10.

 Goodrich, C. (1944c) Pleuroceridae of the Coosa River basin. Nautilus, 58, 40-8.

 Goodrich, C. & van der Schalie, H. (1939) Aquatic mollusks of the upper peninsula of Michigan. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 43, 7-33.

 Goodrich, C. & van der Schalie, H. (1944) A revision of the Mollusca of Indiana. Am. Midl. Natur., 32, 257-326.

 Graf, D. (2001)  The cleansing of the Augean Stables, or a lexicon of the nominal species of the Pleuroceridae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) of recent North America, North of Mexico.  Walkerana, 12, 1 - 124.

 Hanna, G. (1956) Land and freshwater mollusks of the Arctic slope, Alaska. Nautilus, 70, 4-10.

 Hannibal, H. (1912) A synopsis of the Recent and Tertiary freshwater Mollusca of the California Province, based upon an ontogenetic classification. Proc. Malacol. Soc. Lond., 10, 112-211.

 Harman, W. (1982)  Pictorial keys to the aquatic mollusks of the upper Susquehanna.  Occas. Pprs. Biol. Field Sta. State Univ. New York at Oneonta  9, 1-13.

 Harman, W. (1998) The molluscan community of Oneida Lake, New York.  J. Freshw. Ecol. 13: 207 - 211.

 Harman, W. & Berg, C. (1971) The freshwater snails of central New York with illustrated keys to the genera and species. Search: Cornell Univ. Ag. Exp. Sta., 1, 1-68.

 Harrold, M. N. & R. P. Guralnick (2008)  A Field Guide to the Freshwater Mollusks of Colorado.  Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver. 126 pp.  PDF 2.45mb.

 Henderson, J. (1924) Mollusca of Colorado, Utah, Montana, Idaho and Wyoming. University of Colorado Studies, Boulder, 13, 65-223.

 Henderson, J. (1929) Non-marine mollusca of Oregon and Washington. University of Colorado Studies, Boulder, 17, 47-190.

 Henderson, J. (1935) Fossil non-marine Mollusca of North America. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 3, 1-313.

 Henderson, J. (1936a) Mollusca of Colorado, Utah, Montana, Idaho and Wyoming, Supplement. University of Colorado Studies, Boulder, 23, 81-145.

 Henderson, J. (1936b) The non-marine Mollusca of Oregon and Washington, Supplement. University of Colorado Studies, Boulder, 23, 251-80.

 Henderson, J. (1939) The mollusca of New Mexico and Arizona. In So Live the Works of Men, ed. D. Brand & F. Harvey, pp. 187-94. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

 Hershler, R. (1994) A review of the North American freshwater snail genus Pyrgulopsis (Hydrobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology,  554: 1-115.

  Hershler, R. (1996) Review of the North American aquatic snail genus Probythinella (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae)  Invertebrate Biology 115: 120 - 144.

 Hershler, R. (1998) A systematic review of the hydrobiid snails (Gastropoda: Rissooidea) of the Great Basin, western United States.  Part I, Genus Pyrgulopsis.  Veliger 41: 1 - 132.  

 Hershler, R. (1999) A systematic review of the hydrobiid snails (Gastropoda: Rissooidea) of the Great Basin, western United States.  Part II, Genera Colligyrus, Eremopyrgus, Fluminicola, Pristinicola, and Tryonia.  Veliger 42: 306 - 338.

 Hershler, R. (2001) Systematics of the North and Central American aquatic snail genus Tryonia (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae).  Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 612, 1 - 53.

  Hershler, R. & Frest, T. (1996) A review of the North American freshwater snail genus Fluminicola (Hydrobiidae). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 583, 1-41.

  Hershler, R. & Holsinger, J. R. (1990)  Zoogeography of North American hydrobiid cavesnails.  Stygologia 5: 5 - 16.

  Hershler, R., Holsinger, J. & Hubricht, L. (1990) A revision of the North American freshwater snail genus Fontigens (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 509, 1-49.

  Hershler, R. & Landye, J. (1988) Arizona Hydrobiidae (Prosobranchia: Rissoacea). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 459, 1-63.

  Hershler, R., and H.-P. Liu. 2004.  Taxonomic reappraisal of species assigned to the North American freshwater gastropod subgenus Natricola (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae).  Veliger 47(1):88-81.

  Hershler, R., Liu, H-P., Frest, T. J., & Johannes, E. J. (2007)  Extensive diversification of pebblesnails (Lithoglyphidae: Fluminicola) in the upper Sacramento River basin, northwestern USA.  Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 149: 371-422.

  Hershler, R., Liu, H-P., & Sada, D. W. (2007)  Origin and diversification of the Soldier Meadow springsnails (Hydrobiidae: Pyrgulopsis): A species flock in the northwesten Great Basin, USA.  Journal of Molluscan Studies 73: 167 - 183.

  Hershler, R., Liu, H-P. & Stockwell, C. (2002) A new genus and species of aquatic gastropods (Rissooidea: Hydrobidae) from the North American Southwest: phylogenetic relationships and biogeography.  Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 115: 171 - 188.

  Hershler, R., Liu, H-P., & Thompson, F. G. (2003)  Phylogenetic relationships of North American nymphophiline gastropods based on mitochondrial DNA sequences.  Zoologica Scripta 32: 357-366.

  Hershler, R. & Longley, G. (1986) Phreatic hydrobiids (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) from the Edwards (Balcones Fault Zone) Aquifer region, south-central Texas. Malacologia, 27, 127-72.

  Hershler, R. & Thompson, F. (1992) A review of the aquatic gastropod subfamily Cochliopinae (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae). Malacological Review Supplement, 5, 1-140.

  Hubendick, B. (1951) Recent Lymnaeidae.  Their variation, morphology, taxonomy, nomenclature, and distribution. Kungl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 3, 1-223.

  Hubendick, B. (1955) Phylogeny in the Planorbidae.  Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 28(6), 453-542.

  Hubendick, B. (1964) Studies on Ancylidae, The subgroups.  Meddelanden Fran Goteborgs Musei Zoologiska Avendelining, 137.  (Goteborgs Kungl. Vetenskaps-Och Vitterhets-Samhalles Handlingar.  Sjatte Foljden. Ser. B.) 9, 1-72.

  Jacobson, M. & Emerson, W. (1971) Shells from Cape Cod to Cape May. New York: Dover.

  Jass, J.P. 2004.  Distributions of gastropods in Wisconsin.  Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology 99:1-28.

  Jokinen, E. (1983) The Freshwater Snails of Connecticut. Hartford, Connecticut: State Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey Bull. 109. 83 p.

  Jokinen, E. (1992) The freshwater snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of New York State. New York State Museum Bulletin, 482, 1-112.

  Jokinen, E.H.  2005.  Pond molluscs of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore: Then and now.  American Malacological Bulletin 20(1-2):1-9.

Kabat, A. & Hershler, R. (1993) The prosobranch snail family Hydrobiidae (Gastropoda: Rissoidea): Review of classification and supraspecific taxa. Smithsonian Contrib. Zoology, 547, 1-94.

Keep, J. (1935) West Coast Shells (Revised Edition by J. L. Baily). Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press.

LaRocque, A. (1953) Catalogue of the Recent Mollusca of Canada. Nat. Mus. Can. Bull., 129, 1-406.

LaRocque, A. (1959) Checklist of Ohio Pleistocene and living Mollusca. Sterkiana, 1, 23-49.

LaRocque, A. (1961a) Checklist of New Brunswick non-marine Mollusca. Sterkiana, 3, 40-2.

LaRocque, A. (1961b) Checklist of Newfoundland non-marine Mollusca. Sterkiana, 3, 43-8.

LaRocque, A. (1962) Checklist of the non-marine Mollusca of Quebec. Sterkiana, 7, 23-44.

LaRocque, A. (1968) Pleistocene mollusca of Ohio. Ohio Geol. Survey Bull., 62, 357-553.

Laursen, J., Averbeck, G., Conboy, G. & Stromberg, B. (1992) Survey of pulmonate snails of central Minnesota. J. Freshw. Ecol., 7, 25-33.

Leonard, A. (1959) Handbook of Gastropods in Kansas. Misc. Publ., no. 20. Lawrence: Univ. Kansas Mus. Natl. Hist.

Liu, H.-P., and R. Hershler. 2005.  Molecular systematics and radiation of western North American nymphophiline gastropods.  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34(2):284-298.

 Lydeard, C., Holznagel, W.E., Garner, J., Hartfield, P., & Pierson, J.M. (1997)  A molecular phylogeny of Mobile River drainage basin pleurocerid snails (Caenogastropoda: Cerithioiidea).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7: 117-128.

 Lydeard, C., Yoder, J.H., Holznagel, W.E., Thompson, F.G., & Hartfield, P. (1998)  Phylogenetic utility of the 5'-half of mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences for inferring relationships of Elimia (Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae).  Malacologia 39:183-193.

Lysne, S. J. & W. H. Clark (2009) Mollusc survey of the lower Bruneau River, Owyhee County, Idaho, U.S.A.  American Malacological Bulletin 27: 167- 172.

Mackie, G., White, D. & Zdeba, T. (1980) A Guide to the Freshwater Mollusks of the Laurentian Great Lakes, with Special Emphasis on the Genus Pisidium. Duluth, MN: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

 Martin, S. M. (1999)  Freshwater snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Maine.  Northeastern Naturalist 6: 39-88.

 McGregor, S., Shepard, T., Richardson, T.,  & Fitzpatrick, J. (1999) A survey of the primary tributaries of the Alabama and lower Tombigbee rivers for freshwater mussels, snails, and crayfish.  Geological Survey of Alabama Circular 196: 1 - 29.

 McKillop, B. (1996) Geographic and environmental distribution of freshwater gastropods in Manitoba, Canada. Manitoba Mus. Man & Nat. Occas. Series, 1, 1-37.

  Mihalcik, E.L., and F.G. Thompson. 2003.  A taxonomic revision of the freshwater snails referred to as Elimia curvicostata, and related species. Walkerana 12(29-30):1-108.

  Minton, R.L., and C. Lydeard. 2003.  Phylogeny, taxonomy, genetics and global heritage ranks of an imperilled, freshwater snail genus Lithasia (Pleuroceridae). Molecular Ecology 12(1):75-87.

  Minton, R. L., White, J. D., Hayes, D. M., Chenoweth, M. S., & Hill, A. M. (2008)  Diversity and distribution of freshwater gastropods in the Bayou Bartholomew drainage, Arkansas, USA.  Amer. Malac. Bull. 26: 171 - 177.

 Morrison, J. P. E. (1932) A report on the mollusca of the northeastern Wisconsin Lake district.  Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 27, 359-396.

 Murray, H. & Roy, E. (1968) Checklist of fresh-water and land mollusks of Texas. Sterkiana, 30, 25-42.

 Neck, R. (1990) Ecological analysis of the living molluscs of the Texas panhandle. Am. Malac. Bull., 8, 9-18.

 Pennak, R. (1989) Fresh-Water Invertebrates of the United States, Third Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

  Pearce, T. A. & Evans, R. (2008)  Freshwater Mollusca of Plummers Island, Maryland.  Bull. Biol. Soc. Washington 15: 20 - 30.

 Pilsbry, H. (1934) Review of the Planorbidae of Florida, with notes on other members of the family. Proc. Acad. Natl. Sci. Phila., 86, 29-66.

 Prezant, R.S., and E.J. Chapman. 2004.  Freshwater molluscs of the United States Military Academy drainages (West Point, NY) and comparative regional biodiversity of gastropods.  Northeastern Naturalist 11(3): 273-294.

 Pyron, M., Beugly, J., Martin, E., & Spielman, M. (2008)  Conseration of the freshwater gastropods of Indiana: Historic and current distributions.  Am. Malac. Bull. 26: 137 - 151.

Richards, H. G. (1934) A list of the mollusks of the District of Columbia and vicinity.  Amer. Midl. Natur. 15: 85 - 88.

 Robertson, I. & Blakeslee, C. (1948) The Mollusca of the Niagra Frontier region. Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 19, 1-191.

 Rosewater, J. (1959) Mollusca of the Salt River, Kentucky.  Nautilus 73, 57-63.

 Smith, D. G. (1987) Mollusca Mesogastropoda. Keys to the Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Massachusetts, no. 2. Westborough: Mass. Div. Water Poll. Control.

 Smith, D. G.  (1995) Keys to the freshwater macroinvertebrates of Massachusetts, Second Edition.  Privately published, available from D.G. Smith, 30 Montague Road, Sunderland, MA  01375.

 Smith, D. G. (2001) Pennak's Freshwater Invertebrates of the United States: Porifera to Crustacea, Fourth Edition.  New York: John Wiley & Sons.

 Stewart, T.  (2006)   The freshwater gastropods of Iowa (1821-1998): Species composition, geographic distributions, and conservation concerns. Amer. Malac. Bull., 21: 59 - 75.

Stewart, T.W., and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 2004.  Species composition and geographic distribution of Virginia’s freshwater gastropod fauna: A review using historical records.  American Malacological Bulletin 19(1-2):79-91.

 Strayer, D. (1987) Ecology and zoogeography of the freshwater mollusks of the Hudson River basin. Malac. Rev., 20, 1-68.

 Strayer, D. (1990) Freshwater Mollusca. In Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Northeastern North America, eds. B. Peckarsky, P. Fraissinet, M. Penton & D. Conklin, pp. 333-372. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Strecker, J. (1935) Land and freshwater snails of Texas. Trans. Texas Acad. Sci., 17, 1-50.

 Strong, E. E., and T. J. Frest (2007)  On the anatomy and systematics of Juga from western North America (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae).  The Nautilus 121: 43-65. 

Taylor, D. (1970) West American Freshwater Mollusca, 1: Bibliography of Pleistocene and Recent Species. Memoir, no. 4. San Diego: San Diego Society of Natural History.

 Taylor, D. (1981) Freshwater mollusks of California: A distributional checklist. Calif. Fish & Game, 67, 140-63.

 Taylor, D. (1987) Fresh-water molluscs from New Mexico and vicinity. Bull. New Mexico Bur. Mines & Mineral Resources, 116, 1-50.

 Taylor, D. (2003)  Introduction to Physidae (Gastropoda: Hygrophila); Biogeography, Classification, Morphology.  Revista de Biología Tropical 51, Supplement 1: 1-287.

 Te, G. (1975) Michigan Physidae, with systematic notes on Physella and Physodon (Basommatophora: Pulmonata). Malac. Rev., 8, 7-30.

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 Te, G. A. (1978) The systematics of the family Physidae (Basommatophora:Pulmonata). Ph. D. Dissertation, p. 325. University of Michigan.

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