Bibliography for the Identification of North American Freshwater Snails

Taxonomic Index

Prepared by Rob Dillon for the FWGNA Project


  Walker, B.  1902.  A revision of the carinate valvatas of the United States. Nautilus, 15: 121-125.


 Chambers, S. (1990) The genus Elimia (= Goniobasis) in Florida (Prosobranchia: Pleuroceridae). Walkerana, 4, 237-70

 Chambers, S. M. (1980) Genetic divergence between populations of Goniobasis occupying different drainage systems. Malacologia, 20, 113-20.

Dillon, R. (2011)  Robust shell phenotype is a local response to stream size in the genus Pleurocera (Rafinesque 1818).  Malacologia 53: 265-277.

 Dillon, R. T., Jr. & Lydeard, C. (1998) Divergence among Mobile Basin populations of the pleurocerid snail genus, Leptoxis, estimated by allozyme electrophoresis. Malacologia, 39, 113-21

 Dillon, R. T., Jr. & Davis, G. M. (1980) The Goniobasis of southern Virginia and northwestern North Carolina: Genetic and shell morphometric relationships. Malacologia, 20, 83-98.

 Dillon, R. & Keferl, E. (2000) A survey of the pleurocerid gastropods of South Carolina.  In Freshwater Mollusk Symposia Proceedings, Part II, eds. Tankersley, Warmolts, Watters, Armitage, Johnson & Butler, pp. 153 - 160.  Columbus: Ohio Biological Survey.

 Dillon, R. & Reed, A. (2002) A survey of genetic variation at allozyme loci among Goniobasis populations inhabiting Atlantic drainages of the Carolinas.  Malacologia 44: 23 - 31.

Dillon, R. T. & J. D. Robinson (2011)  The opposite of speciation: Genetic relationships among the populations of Pleurocera (Gastropoda: Pleuroceridae) in central Georgia.  Am. Malac. Bull. 29: 159-168.

 Goodrich, C. (1922) The Anculosae of the Alabama River drainage. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 7, 1-57

 Goodrich, C. (1924) The genus Gyrotoma. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 12, 1-29

 Goodrich, C. (1930) Goniobases of the vicinity of Muscle Shoals. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 209, 1-25

 Goodrich, C. (1931) The pleurocerid genus Eurycaelon. Occas. Pprs. Mus.  Zool. Univ. Mich., 223, 1-9

 Goodrich, C. (1936) Goniobasis of the Coosa River, Alabama. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 31, 1-60

 Goodrich, C. (1939a) Pleuroceridae of the St. Lawrence River Basin. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 404, 1-4

 Goodrich, C. (1939b) Pleuroceridae of the Mississippi River basin exclusive of the Ohio River system. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 406, 1-4

 Goodrich, C. (1940) The Pleuroceridae of the Ohio River system. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 417, 1-21

 Goodrich, C. (1941a) Pleuroceridae of the small streams of the Alabama River system. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 427, 1-10

 Goodrich, C. (1942a) The Pleuroceridae of the Atlantic coastal plain. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 456, 1-6

 Goodrich, C. (1942b) Pleuroceridae of the Pacific Coastal Drainage, including the western interior basin. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 469, 1-4

 Goodrich, C. (1944a) Pleuroceridae of the Great Basin. Occas. Pprs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 485, 1-11

 Goodrich, C. (1944c) Pleuroceridae of the Coosa River basin. Nautilus, 58, 40-8.

 Graf, D. (2001)  The cleansing of the Augean Stables, or a lexicon of the nominal species of the Pleuroceridae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) of recent North America, North of Mexico.  Walkerana, 12, 1 - 124.

 Lydeard, C., Holznagel, W.E., Garner, J., Hartfield, P., & Pierson, J.M. (1997)  A molecular phylogeny of Mobile River drainage basin pleurocerid snails (Caenogastropoda: Cerithioiidea).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7: 117-128.

 Lydeard, C., Yoder, J.H., Holznagel, W.E., Thompson, F.G., & Hartfield, P. (1998)  Phylogenetic utility of the 5'-half of mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences for inferring relationships of Elimia (Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae).  Malacologia 39:183-193.

 Mihalcik, E.L., and F.G. Thompson. 2003.  A taxonomic revision of the freshwater snails referred to as Elimia curvicostata, and related species. Walkerana 12(29-30):1-108.

 Minton, R.L., and C. Lydeard. 2003.  Phylogeny, taxonomy, genetics and global heritage ranks of an imperilled, freshwater snail genus Lithasia (Pleuroceridae). Molecular Ecology 12(1):75-87.

 Strong, E. E., and T. J. Frest.  2007.  On the anatomy and systematics of Juga from western North America (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae).  The Nautilus 121: 43-65. 

  Thompson, F. (2000) Freshwater snails of the genus Elimia from the Coosa River system, Alabama.  Walkerana 11: 1 - 54.


 Berry, E. (1943) The Amnicolidae of Michigan: Distribution, ecology, and taxonomy. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. U. Mich., 57, 1-68

 Hershler, R. (1994) A review of the North American freshwater snail genus Pyrgulopsis (Hydrobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 554, 1-115.

  Hershler, R. (1996) Review of the North American aquatic snail genus Probythinella (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae)  Invertebrate Biology 115: 120 - 144.

 Hershler, R. (1998) A systematic review of the hydrobiid snails (Gastropoda: Rissooidea) of the Great Basin, western United States.  Part I, Genus Pyrgulopsis.  Veliger 41: 1 - 132.  

 Hershler, R. (1999) A systematic review of the hydrobiid snails (Gastropoda: Rissooidea) of the Great Basin, western United States.  Part II, Genera Colligyrus, Eremopyrgus, Fluminicola, Pristinicola, and Tryonia.  Veliger 42: 306 - 338.

 Hershler, R. (2001) Systematics of the North and Central American aquatic snail genus Tryonia (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae).  Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 612, 1 - 53.

 Hershler, R. & Frest, T. (1996) A review of the North American freshwater snail genus Fluminicola (Hydrobiidae). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 583, 1-41.

 Hershler, R., T. Frest, E. Johannes, P. Bowler, & F. Thompson  (1994)  Two new genera of hydrobiid snails (Prosobranchia: Rissooidea) from the northwestern United States. Veliger, 37: 221-243.

 Hershler, R., T. Frest, H.-P. Liu, & E. Johannes.  (2003)  Rissooidean snails from the Pit River Basin, California. Veliger, 46: 275-304.

  Hershler, R. & Holsinger, J. R. (1990)  Zoogeography of North American hydrobiid cavesnails.  Stygologia 5: 5 - 16.

  Hershler, R., Holsinger, J. & Hubricht, L. (1990) A revision of the North American freshwater snail genus Fontigens (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 509, 1-49

 Hershler, R. & Landye, J. (1988) Arizona Hydrobiidae (Prosobranchia: Rissoacea). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 459, 1-63.

 Hershler, R., and H.-P. Liu.  (2004)  Taxonomic reappraisal of species assigned to the North American freshwater gastropod subgenus Natricola (Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae).  Veliger 47(1):88-81.

  Hershler, R., Liu, H-P., Frest, T. J., & Johannes, E. J. (2007)  Extensive diversification of pebblesnails (Lithoglyphidae: Fluminicola) in the upper Sacramento River basin, northwestern USA.  Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 149: 371-422.

  Hershler, R., Liu, H-P., & Sada, D. W. (2007)  Origin and diversification of the Soldier Meadow springsnails (Hydrobiidae: Pyrgulopsis): A species flock in the northwesten Great Basin, USA.  Journal of Molluscan Studies 73: 167 - 183.

 Hershler, R., Liu, H-P. & Stockwell, C. (2002) A new genus and species of aquatic gastropods (Rissooidea: Hydrobidae) from the North American Southwest: phylogenetic relationships and biogeography.  Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 115: 171 - 188.

 Hershler, R., H.-P. Liu, & F. Thompson.  (2002)  Phylogenetic relationships of North American nymphophiline gastropods based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Zool. Scripta, 32: 357-366.

 Hershler, R. & Longley, G. (1986) Phreatic hydrobiids (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) from the Edwards (Balcones Fault Zone) Aquifer region, south-central Texas. Malacologia, 27, 127-72

 Hershler, R. & Thompson, F. (1992) A review of the aquatic gastropod subfamily Cochliopinae (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae). Malacological Review Supplement, 5, 1-140

 Kabat, A. & Hershler, R. (1993) The prosobranch snail family Hydrobiidae (Gastropoda: Rissoidea): Review of classification and supraspecific taxa. Smithsonian Contrib. Zoology, 547, 1-94.

 Liu, H.-P., and R. Hershler. (2005)  Molecular systematics and radiation of western North American nymphophiline gastropods.  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34(2):284-298.

 Thompson, F. (1968) The Aquatic Snails of the Family Hydrobiidae of Peninsular Florida. Gainesville: University of Florida Press

 Thompson, F. (1969) Some hydrobiid snails from Georgia and Florida. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci., 32, 241-65

 Thompson, F. (1977) The hydrobiid snail genus Marstonia. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, 21, 113-58

 Thompson, F. (1984) North American freshwater snail genera of the hydrobiid subfamily Lithoglyphinae. Malacologia, 25, 109-41

 Thompson, F. & Hershler, R. (1991) Two new hydrobiid snails (Amnicolinae) from Florida and Georgia with a discussion of the biogeography of freshwater gastropods of south Georgia streams. Malac. Rev., 24, 55-72.

   Thompson, F. G., & Hershler, R. (2002)  Two genera of North American freshwater snails: Marstonia Baker 1926 resurrected to generic status, and Floridobia, new genus (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae: Nymphophilinae)  Veliger 45:  269-271.

  Watson, C. (2000) Results of a survey for selected species of Hydrobiidae (Gastropoda) in Georgia and Florida.  In Freshwater Mollusk Symposia Proceedings, Part II, eds. Tankersley, Warmolts, Watters, Armitage, Johnson & Butler, pp. 233 - 244.  Columbus: Ohio Biological Survey.


 Clench, W. (1962) A catalogue of the Viviparidae of North America with notes on the distribution of Viviparus georgianus, Lea. Occas. Pprs. on Mollusks, Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 2, 261-87

 Clench, W. & Fuller, S. (1965) The genus Viviparus in North America. Occas. Pprs. on Mollusks, Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 2, 385-412

 Clench, W. & Turner, R. (1955) The North American genus Lioplax in the family Viviparidae. Occas. Pprs. on Mollusks, Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 2, 1-20.

 Smith, D. G. (2000)  Notes on the taxonomy of introduced Bellamya (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) species in northeastern North America.  Nautilus 114: 31 - 37.


 Baker, F. (1911) The Lymnaeidae of North and Middle America, Recent and Fossil. Special Publication No. 3., Chicago: Chicago Academy of Natural Sciences

 Hubendick, B. (1951) Recent Lymnaeidae.  Their variation, morphology, taxonomy, nomenclature, and distribution. Kungl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 3, 1-223.


 Basch, P. (1963) A review of the recent freshwater limpet snails of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 129, 399-461

 Hubendick, B. (1964) Studies on Ancylidae, The subgroups.  Meddelanden Fran Goteborgs Musei Zoologiska Avendelining, 137.  (Goteborgs Kungl. Vetenskaps-Och Vitterhets-Samhalles Handlingar.  Sjatte Foljden. Ser. B.) 9, 1-72.

 Walther, A. C., J. B. Burch and D. O'Foighil (2010)  Molecular phylogenetic revision of the freshwatear limpet genus Ferrissia (Planorbidae: Ancylinae) in North America yields two species: Ferrissia (Ferrissia) rivularis and Ferrissia (Kincaidilla) fragilis.  Malacologia 53: 25 - 45.

  Walther, A. C., T. Lee, J.B. Burch,  and D. O'Foighil. (2006)  E pluribus unum: A phylogenetic and phylogeographic reassessment of Laevapex (Pulmonata: Ancylidae), a North American genus of freshwater limpets.  Molec. Phyl. Evol. 40: 501-516.


  Dillon, R. T., J. D. Robinson, and A. R. Wethington (2007)  Empirical estimates of reproductive isolation between the freshwater pulmonates Physa acuta, P. pomilia, and P. hendersoni.  Malacologia 49: 283-292.

   Dillon, R. T., and A. R. Wethington  (2006)  The Michigan Physidae revisited: A population genetic study.  Malacologia 48: 133 – 142.

  Taylor, D. (2003)  Introduction to Physidae (Gastropoda: Hygrophila); Biogeography, Classification, Morphology.  Revista de Biología Tropical 51, Supplement 1: 1-287.

  Te, G. (1975) Michigan Physidae, with systematic notes on Physella and Physodon (Basommatophora: Pulmonata). Malac. Rev., 8, 7-30

 Te, G. (1979) New classification system for the family Physidae. Arch. Moll., 110, 179-84

 Te, G. A. (1978) The systematics of the family Physidae (Basommatophora:Pulmonata). Ph. D. Dissertation, 325 pp. University of Michigan.

 Wethington, A. R. (2004) Phylogeny, taxonomy, and evolution of reproductive isolaton in Physa (Pulmonata: Physidae).  Ph. D. Dissertation, 119 pp.  University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.

  Wethington, A. R. & C. Lydeard (2007)  A molecular phylogeny of Physidae (Gastropoda: Basommatophora) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences.  J. Molluscan Stud. 73: 241 - 257.

 Wethington, A. R., J. Wise, and R. T. Dillon (2009)  Genetic and morphological characterization of the Physidae of South Carolina (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Basommatophora) with description of a new species.  The Nautilus 123: 282 - 292.


 Baker, F. (1945) The Molluscan Family Planorbidae. Urbana: University of Illinois Press

 Baker, H. (1946) Index to F.C. Baker's "The Molluscan Family Planorbidae." Nautilus, 59, 127-41.

 Hubendick, B. (1955)  Phylogeny in the Planorbidae.  Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 28, 453 - 542.

 Pilsbry, H. (1934) Review of the Planorbidae of Florida, with notes on other members of the family. Proc. Acad. Natl. Sci. Phila., 86, 29-66

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